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Differences Between Gains & Losses and Revenue & Expenses

Another way to earn a profit from gain is to simply hold on to an asset and expect it to increase in price over time. Income is referred to as the company’s bottom line because it provides a full picture of cash flow. It is likely that the term “bottom line” was coined as a result of net income sitting at the bottom of income statements. Bottom-line growth and revenue growth can be achieved in various ways.

  • But sometime income is also used to mean the amounts earned from such activities which are not main activities.
  • Accrued revenue is the revenue earned by a company for the delivery of goods or services that have yet to be paid for by the customer.
  • On the other hand, companies are more interested in profit when deciding how best to allocate future capital.
  • Revenue and gain are terms often used in accounting and finance but are not interchangeable.

Therefore, I suggest that students should not be too strict about these terms and their meanings. The difference between revenue and earnings is that while revenue tracks the total amount of money made in sales, earnings reflect the portion of the revenue the company keeps in profit after every expense is paid. All these costs reduce revenues to arrive at net income (earnings). Apple posted $99,803 billion in net income (earnings) for 2022 (a $5 billion increase from the same period in 2021).

Explanation of revenue, income, gross profit, gain, profit, and net income

15 percent of online shoppers pay for at least one subscription and nearly 90% of businesses are looking for ways to adapt their online payment platforms so they can handle recurring subscription payments. Monthly recurring revenue is one of the most important forms of revenue you can establish for your business. Taking advantage of a subscription revenue model not only ensures consistent monthly income, it can also lead to a bigger customer base.

  • Revenue, profit and income, are three terms which sound same to a layman, although in business terminology there is a huge difference between them.
  • Competition can impact a company’s revenue by affecting its market share.
  • It gets calculated when the preferred stock dividend is deducted from the net profit of the business.
  • Income includes gain and other earnings like dividends received, interest income etc.

Profit is a financial term referring to the positive difference between total revenue and total expenses. It represents the financial gain a company makes after deducting costs related to production, operations, and other expenses. Revenue is the amount received from operating and non-operating activities of the business. Operating activities mean the regular activities of the business as the sale of goods and rendering of services. Non-Operating Activities means the activities other than operating activities of the business as the sale of assets or any amount received by way of rent, commission, and interest, etc. If your net capital loss is more than this limit, you can carry the loss forward to later years.


Many investors also report their income, and the difference between net and gross revenue for a small business can have significant income tax repercussions if mishandled. There are many gray areas in both recognition and reporting, but ultimately, all earned income from sales transactions falls into gross or net categories. While profit and gain share some similarities, such as being positive outcomes, they differ significantly in terms of scope, application, and measurement. Profit is a financial term used to assess business performance and represents the residual revenue after deducting expenses.

Note that some components (i.e. discounts) should only be subtracted if the unit price used in the earlier part of the formula is at market (not discount) price. Revenue is money brought into a company by its business activities. There are different ways to calculate revenue, depending on the accounting method employed. Accrual accounting will include sales made on credit as revenue for goods or services delivered to the customer. Under certain rules, revenue is recognized even if payment has not yet been received.

Difference Between Revenue, Profit and Income

Investors and analysts use these numbers to determine a company’s profitability and to evaluate a company’s investment potential. Here we review the differences between earnings and revenue and show an example of both as presented in an actual financial statement. Profit is whatever remains from the revenue after a company accounts for expenses, debts, additional income, and operating costs.

Businesses report this figure on the income statement whereas individuals report theirs on the form 1040. Items that are revenues for one kind of enterprise are gains for another, and items that are expenses for one kind of enterprise are losses for another. For example, investments in securities that may be sources of revenues and expenses for insurance or investment companies may be sources of gains and losses in manufacturing or merchandising firms. Revenue refers to the money a company receives from normal business activities, such as selling goods or services. On the other hand, gain refers to an increase in value or profit from an investment or sale of an asset.

If a company requires prepayment for its goods, it would recognize the revenue as unearned, and would not recognize the revenue on its income statement until the period for which the goods or services were delivered. From an accounting standpoint, the company would recognize $50 in revenue on its income statement and $50 in accrued revenue as an asset on its balance sheet. When the company collects the $50, the cash account on the income statement increases, the accrued revenue account decreases, and the $50 on the income statement remains unchanged. Companies can also be mindful of net profit by considering taxes and interest. To avoid interest expense, companies may need to raise capital by offering equity, though this may detract from retained earnings in the long run if investors demand dividends.

Difference Between Revenue and Profit

For example, Apple products include iPad, Apple Watch, and Apple TV. Alternatively, Apple may be interested in separately analyzing its Apple Music, Apple TV+, or iCloud services. Return is anything what business enjoys above principal amount of investment. Return is received in many different forms like interest, dividend etc. but is not limited only to these two forms. For example, business holds foreign currency savings account, then return includes the interest received and the benefit from the fluctuation of foreign currency rates. Revenue sits at the top of a company’s income statement, making it the top line.

If a company has received prepayment for its goods, it would recognize the revenue as unearned, but would not recognize the revenue on its income statement until the period for which the goods or services were delivered. There are several components that reduce revenue reported on a company’s financial statements in accordance to accounting guidelines. Discounts on the price offered, allowances awarded to customers, or product returns are subtracted from the total amount collected.

It can also be said that it is the net rise in the equity shareholder’s fund. It is the measurement of only income component of an entity’s operations. Every student who starts accounting and get an idea of these terms, the instinct of differentiating kicks in and he/she starts looking for the differences among how to analyze and improve asset turnover ratio these terms. Though there are sometimes minor and sometimes major differences among these terms but these days, with an exception of few, these terms are used interchangeably. For example, gain or income considered almost the same, return and gain are two different terms but usually used to mean the same.

Revenue is recorded as the monetary value of goods/services sold to a buyer. (Net) income is the addition to equity after deduction of COGS, SG&A, interest/tax/depreciation/amortisation from sales revenue. A capital gain is when a purchased or unimpaired asset is sold for a value greater than its book / balance sheet value. Revenue is called the top line because it sits at the top of a company’s income statement, which also refers to a company’s gross sales.

It is necessary to check the cash flow statement to assess how efficiently a company collects money owed. Cash accounting, on the other hand, will only count sales as revenue when payment is received. Cash paid to a company is known as a “receipt.” It is possible to have receipts without revenue. For example, if the customer paid in advance for a service not yet rendered or undelivered goods, this activity leads to a receipt but not revenue. The difference between gain and revenue relies on where it came from.

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