In may 1900, the brand new San francisco Labor Council kept a conference to address the new tensions. White laborers were scared due to their perform, however, San francisco es Duval Phelan highlighted one Japanese immigration was besides a labor matter. It actually was an existential threat, on par toward increase one led to the fall of Rome. ” Inside the a speech applauded by the attendees, Gran Phelan told you the guy considered that Japanese “are not the latest posts from which Americans can be produced.”
Even though the federal government is actually hesitant to ban Japanese immigration since the it got Chinese immigration because of Japan's status while the a promising all over the world energy, pressure from Ca ranch and work communities led it so you're able to strike brand new informal Gentlemen's Agreement with The japanese when you look at the 1907. Japan authorities wanted to prevent giving passports to help you laborers. The fresh Issei currently when you look at the Ca arrived at send having spouses out of Japan.
To handle japan parents getting down roots in order to appease light farm lobby and you will work groups, this new California legislature enacted this new Alien Land law from 1913, barring noncitizens off running belongings or long-term renting.